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psyc_101_spr_12_substance_use_alcohol

1milliondroveundertheinfluence

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Unformatted text preview: inking Magnitude of College Drinking Magnitude of College Drinking Problem 1700 unintentional deaths 500,000 injuries 700,000 assaults 2.1 million drove under the influence 25% reported academic problems 400,000 had unprotected sex 100,000 had sex when unable to consent 70,000 sexually assaulted Past Month, Binge, and Heavy Alcohol Use among Full­ Past Month, Binge, and Heavy Alcohol Use among Full­ Time College Students Aged 18 to 20, by Year: 2002­2005 (source: SAMHSA Report, National Survey On Drug Use and Health, Issue 31, 2006) Whether in college or at other times Whether in college or at other times like adolescence When does use become misuse ? Stages of Use in Adolescence Stages of Use in Adolescence Stage 0 Curiosity Stage 1 Learning Mood Swings Stage 2 Seeking Mood Swings Stage 3 Preoccupation Stage 4 Drinking to Feel Ok Alcohol Withdrawal Autonomic hyperactivity (increased heart rate, sweating, etc.) Hand tremor Insomnia Nausea/vomiting Agitation Anxiety Grand mal seizures Transient visual, auditory, or tactile hallucinations/illusions Taking substance to stave off withdrawal symptoms Alcohol Dependence Prevalence: (lifetime) Gender: 10­15% of U.S. population 3­5 times more common in men Women often become intoxicated more quickly than men and metabolize alcohol more slowly Age of Onset: First intoxication – mid­teens Dep...
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