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et al,, p.307). The results of the experiment confirmed the hypothesis demonstrating that people
in the high-empathy condition, were more likely to help out the student. However, students in the
low-empathy condition were more likely to help for their own self-interest (Aronson, et al,,
p.307). So when empathy was low, “people were more concerned with the rewards and costs for
themselves—they helped only if they would encounter [the suffering student] in their psychology
class and thus feel guilty about not helping.” Overall, the results suggested true altruism exists
when people are experiencing empathy toward an individual who is suffering (Batson, p.308).
So the empathy-altruism hypothesis implies that when an individual does not feel
empathy, Batson states that Social Exchange Theory will then play a factor to an individual
helping another for one’s self-interest (Batson, 308). The social exchange theory argues that
“much of what we do stems from the desire to maximize our rewards and minimize ou...
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- Fall '13
- Social Psychology