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South African History Notes 2

South African History Notes 2 - Cultural History Hist 335...

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Cultural History Hist. 335 Reg Codrington Class Notes 2 From 1910 onwards South African party won the 1910 election Led by Lous Botha until 1919 and Jan Smuts thereafter Country was divided into unequal electoral areas, favoring rural Afrikaners Smuts had a distinguished WW1 career, contributing to the creation of the League of Nations (precursor of United Nations) The early Union years Weathered Great Depression thanks mainly to gold English whites controlled the economy Afrikaans Whites (55% of electorate) mainly poor Blacks subordinated in every way The “racial” question For the first three decades after Union, this was about Enlgish versus Afrikaans-speaking Whites Both were agreed (in practice, if not in policy) that “natives” should be kept in subordinate positions, with little or no formal education New party in power In 1924, Hertzog’s Nationalist Party formed a coalition with the Labor Party and ousted the South African Party In 1925, Afrikaans replaced Dutch as an official language A hybrid flag incorporating the Union Jack and the Afrikaners republics was designed Political Changes 1934, Hertzog’s Nationalists and Smuts’ SA Party combined to
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