Unformatted text preview: reud emphasized the importance of the parents (especially the mother) as agents of socialization.
4. This was especially important with respect to nursing a child, toilet training, and the sexual development of the infant. Kohlberg – Moral Development
Kohlberg – Moral Development
1. Kohlberg focused on the child’s ability to reason out what is the “right” and “wrong” things to do based on “hypothetical” moral dilemmas.
2. Children can be in one of three groups based on their responses. a. Preconventional (based on punishments or consequences) b. Conventional (based on right vs. wrong) c. Postconventional (based on “universal principles”)
3. Gilligan – Argues that moral development is not based on the idea of consequences or right/wrong but on the issue of justice. The “Baby Psychologists” believed that children The were NOT miniature adults!
Before the 1940’s and 1950’s there was a sentiment and strong belief that children were merely small adults and should not be coddled. They needed to be treated just as you would treat a grown up.
This belief changed thanks to the research of a number of psychologist and pediatricians like Harry Harlow, Benjamin Spock, Mary Ainsworth, Barry Brazelton, Fred Rogers (yes, as in Mister), Bruno Bettleheim, etc.) But,...
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- Spring '14
- Sociology, a. Young adults