This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: agents” of socialization.
These agents include
a. The family
c. Peer relationships
d. The “media”
e. Work Keep in mind that we have been talking here Keep in mind that we have been talking here about “primary” socialization of children. Socialization and development occur throughout the lifespan.
Erik Erikson believed that there were 8 stages of human development and, unlike Freud, development occurs until death. He also believed that the driving force was NOT sex but, instead, “psychosocial crises” that the individual must resolve. ► Infant
Trust vs Mistrust
Needs maximum comfort with minimal uncertainty
to trust himself/herself, others, and the environment
Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt
Works to master physical environment while maintaining
selfesteem ► Preschooler
Initiative vs Guilt
Begins to initiate, not imitate, activities; develops
conscience and sexual identity ► SchoolAge Child
Industry vs Inferiority
Tries to develop a sense of selfworth by refining skills ► Adolescent
Identity vs Role Confusion
Tries integrating many roles (child, sibling, student, athlete,
worker) into a selfimage under role model and peer pressure ► Y...
View Full Document
- Spring '14