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Unformatted text preview: eligion as an important source of rituals and symbols that help define
people’s perceptions of their social world. Which of the following rituals do NOT fit into this paradigm?
A) Ritual as remembering.
B) Ritual as social bonding.
C) Ritual as regulating moral behaviour.
D) Ritual as a sense of purpose, bringing meaning to people’s lives.
E) All of the above.
Correct Answer(s):D 42. Those who take action in an attempt to influence or change the development or enforcement of
society’s moral codes are called __________.
B) moral idealists
D) moral entrepreneurs
E) none of the above
43. "Outsiders: Studies in the Sociology of Deviance" was written by _________ to explain ______.
A) Howard Becker; labeling theory
B) Edwin Sutherland; differential association theory
C) Georg Simmel; conflict theory
D) Lloyd Ohlin; illegitimate opportunity theory
E) None of the above
44. Altheide (2003), called the “e-audience” those people who spend time in cyberspace answering email and surfing or talking on the cellphones. The defining feature of this audience, he said, is the
perception of control and sense of entitlement that comes from being able to communicate whenever
they want. This represents a _______________ view of mass media.
A) symbolic interactionist
B) conflict theorist
45. The world’s largest religions are:
A) Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Confucianism, Zen, and Fundamentalism.
B) Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Confucianism, Zen, and Taoism.
C) Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Zen, and Zoroastrianism.
D) Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, and Sikhism.
Correct Answer(s):D 46. French post-structuralist writer Jean Baudrillard (1929-2007), made the assertion that media create
a “simulated” world through the reinforcement of certain images and signs. His belief that people’s perceptions, as defined by media, lead to the sense of a simulated reality...
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