How society accomplishes order and functionality we

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Unformatted text preview: hes order and functionality we have Society survives from passing down knowledge generation to generation Intergenerational knowledge fosters solidarity and cooperation o Family, schools Fundamental task of society is to reproduce itself so needs of society becomes needs of the individual CONFLICT THEORY Roots in marxists Place more attention on power and social control created by socialization Socialization is a process by which the powerful and wealthy transmit their advantages to the next generation o Maintain power that is already in place Accept not challenge or question status quo or ways of society o False consciousness that distorts perception of class realities Poor children channelled towards life of poverty through education and employment system FEMINIST THEORIES AND GENDER ROLE SOCIALIZATION Many build upon conflict theory and point out that gender is a key component of social life turn attention to how social interaction, discourse, and gender roles are socially constructed Gender roles refer to how expectations of masculinity and femininity may or may not be tied to one’s sex Sex roles refer to expectations related to being biologically of ones sex or another Challenge the assumption that anatomy is destiny. o Belief that t gendered behavior is innate or inborn o Draw attention to the sexual objectification of girls in society and the gender-specific toys and games manufactured, marketed, and purchased for children Connell: each school has own gender regime Fox: structural sources of gender differences o Transition to parenthood causes gender division PRIMARY/SECONDARY SOCIALIZATION Point out that there are primary and secondary agents of socialization Primary: include one’s parents and family Secondary: include schools, peer groups, and mass media THE FAMILY During infancy and childhood, the family is our most important agent of socialization Provide the earliest source of emotional attachments, and shape our values Critical role in transmitting culture Changes in family structure, transformations in work, gender role equality, high immigration rates contribute to diversification and experience of family Intra-family factors: age of parents, other children, social support Extra-familial factors: neighbourhood, employment, social class Working class parents stress conformity with children Reciprocal socialization: socialization is a 2 way process o Daly: simultaneity of parent and child behaviour and outcomes o Ambert: each baby requires different amount of care. Type of care influences parents perceptions THE PEER GROUP Second most potent socialization agent Age-grading of society segregates Need for companionship and approval results in mutual learning of info, attitudes, and values. Allows children to separate themselves from family’s influence Adolescence groups provide setting for new experiences (good or bad) Generation gap: intergenerational conflict or tension Structured by gender and social class SCHOOLS Macro-level: important role in political socialization o Inculcates children with basic beliefs and values of their society o Racialized youth, visible minorities and immigrants are less likely to attend post-secondary education o Eurocentric male mentality dominated educational system o Hidden curriculum: implicit messages not taught or planned Emphasizes dominant societal classes Social hierarchies Perpetuates attitudes, values and norms that creates social ethos preventing equal participation MAS...
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