Money only has value because people agree it does

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Unformatted text preview: under constant challenge and negotiation Sociologists treat power as a series of social or political processes Women face power disadvantages Ice pirates o Film in which power is socially determined by possessing water THE STATE States set the rules by which other social processes are ordered Contain power because the majority of people governed by the state agree that it should Power is dependent on whether other states, social groups and organizations recognize the legitimacy of power Emerged due to industrial revolution o Land ownership replaced by capital and money Bureaucracy: organizational form ordered by criteria independent of the personal qualities of people holding positions of power o Enabled power to be exercised through staff abiding by impersonal practices Material Processes o Material resources: money and financial assets o Karl Marx: those that own and control the means of production exercise the most power Bourgeoisie held power/Proletariat works for bourgeoisie Power dependent on class position or relationship to means of production Superstructure: state, religion, family, education… False consciousness: subordinate class deceived by dominant class into thinking that power inequalities were natural o Weber: societies are stratified, (hierarchically ordered in terms of power) Material power: Possessions of material and material related assets and the means of production Market situation: circumstances a person faces in the market economy People’s capacity to participate in economy shapes life chances Class: group of people that share similar relationships o C. Wright Mills: Military and corporate leaders held power post WWII Controlled massive interlocking hierarchies of the economy, army and state that made up the means of power John Porter: hierarchal intersection between class, education, political standing and ethnicity Satzewich/ Liodakis: Canadian society as a vertical mosaic o Power elite comprised from charter groups (linked to English and French founders) Gordan Darroch: changes in proportions of ethnic groups Tepperman: privileged position of charter groups had been challenged by other ethnic groups Michael Ornstein: found that class, gender and other labour market variables were more important determinants of earning inequality than ethnicity Winnipeg general strike: factory workers demanded right to collective bargaining, decent salary,8 hour workday o City was at a standstill Resource mobilization theory: material assets are crucial to launching successful challenges of power CULTURAL AND SOCIAL PROCESSES Social prestige: connected to material advantage o Can serve as the basis of power, independent of money, wealth or other material resources Antonio Gramsci (Marxist): elites manufactured consent of the masses by communicating ideals o Counter-hegemonic positions must be created to mobilize masses to contest power o Max Horkheimer/Theodor Adorno: same concepts as Gramsci but less optimistic about potential to challenge cultural power of elites Bourdieu: coined terms cultural capital/social capital o Cultural capital: reflects and facilitates cultural exchange between people o Social capital: resource that fosters social relationships and the privileges Derived from membership in group James Coleman/Robert Putnam: how social capital and networks influenced political participation Breton: Benefits and problems associated with institutional completeness of ethnic minority communities Lipset: simil...
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This document was uploaded on 02/10/2014.

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