Textbook_notes_-_SOC101_for_Barry_McClinchey_on_2013-12-04_at_University_of_Waterloo

Scott and lyman accounts are unanticipated

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Unformatted text preview: Justification or excuse Goffman: negative evaluations based on deformities, membership in a discredited group Courtesy stigma: spoiled identity not by virtue of who they are Master status: Everett Hughs o Overshadows in terms of how people see us o Gender, race, class, age Scully and Marolla o Excuses and justifications rapists offer Skyes and Matza techniques of neutralization o Denial of responsibility (wife batterers) o Denial of injury (pedophiles) o Denial of victim (Shoplifters) o Condemning the condemners (tax evaders) o Appealing to higher loyalty (pageant moms) IDENTITY CHANGE Anselm Strauss status pathways o How individuals move through statuses, roles and identities o Turning points are critical William Shaffir o Conversion of jews Weinburg bisexual identity as a process Ebaugh developed model that divides exiting process into stages 1. First doubts 2. Seeking and weighting alternatives 3. Turning point 4. Creating an ex role COSTRUCTING A NEW IDENTITY Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann: social construction of reality o Reality requires interoperation o Claims makers persuade audience to note aspects of reality Loseke people categories CONFLICT PERSPECTIVES Pay little attention to roles and identity W. Peter Archibald used Marx concept of alienation to understand inequality o Privileged avoid underprivileged Social actors push back Identity politics: effort to control how individuals and groups will be defined Deviance 02/10/2013 3:38:00 PM WHAT IS DEVIANCE? Sociologists are interested in why people engage in disvalued action Defined by illustration, statistical terms and harmful behaviour The illustrative definition does not tell us much about the characteristics of what is defined as deviant in society Includes criminals, child molesters, drug addicts etc. o Not all deviant people cause harm o Mentally ill may be deviant but no harm DEVIANCE AS A SOCIAL CONCEPT Product of social interaction and group structure Both deviant behaviour and labeling of this behaviour is an interest to sociologists Ordinary deviance is common Extreme deviance is far beyond the norm Erich Goode/D Angus Vail o Invites negative reactions from most sectors of community Behaviour can be 1.objectively deviant o Particular ways of thinking, acting, being 2.Subjectively deviant o Moral status accorded such thoughts, actions, and characteristics o (loseke) LOMBROSSO Born a criminal (nature) o “Predator” Tell a criminal by appearance RESEARCHING DEVIANCE Use same methods in other areas of the discipline o Experiments, surveys, content analysis, field research Studying behaviour that evokes widespread disapproval carries unique difficulties Laud Humphreys tearoom trade HOMICIDE Intentional and sometimes unintentional or accidental killing of another person Look for patterns and categorize o USA Hands, fist feet Other weapons Cutting instruments Unknown firearms Shotguns Riffles Handguns o Canada Gunshot wound Stabbing Other methods Physical force, poisoning, fire, shaken baby, vehicular Manitoba highest homicide rate in Canada United states has highest homicide rate in world 4.8 DISCOVERY OF REPORTABLE BEHAIOUR Research...
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