Defining making sense of to determine how to act o

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Unformatted text preview: to act o Functionalists focus on individual factors formed by social forces Human behaviour is a result of how social actors define themselves Hewitt –“an organization of perception in which people assemble objects, meanings and others and ac towards them in a coherent, organized way” Definition of situation- WI and Ds Thomas o If men define situations are real then they are real in their consequences Statuses and roles do not determine social interaction o Instead, provide context within human interaction unfolds Role: a resource that oersins employ to organize and carry out ROLE TAKING Process aligning actions with others Look at selves from point of view of others Adjust, fine-tune and modify own performance ROLE-MAKING Rough guideline of role but room for innovation No role making in the absence of role taking THE SELF Acquire sense of self by imagining how we appear to others Individual and society are in a dialectical relationship o Society cannot exist without individuals o Self-aware individuals cannot exist without society Charles Horton Cooley captures independence between individuals and society o Looking glass self society is a mirror Mead Develop ability to define ourselves in stages Manford Kuhn core self o Stable set of meanings one attaches themselves to o Shapes interactions, giving continuality and predictability o 20 response test to quantify Stages in development of self o Preparatory stage Infants learn to imitate the behaviour of others without understanding social meaning of behaviours/roles o Play stage Young children learn to take role of particular, significant other. Pretend to be mom or dad o Game stage Children learn to take role of other or generalized Sports IDENTITY Name we give ourselves Gregory Stone how one casts themselves as a social object o Enact or suppress certain aspects Goffman dramatological approach o Impression management: actors shape how others will define them o Role: person’s conduct o Role performance: behaviour of individual while acting the role o Divided social world into two regions 1. Front stage Actors manage presentations of themselves to create desired response from society 2. Back-stage IDENTITY WORK How individuals present themselves and construct others Changing bodies SOCIAL VS. PERSONAL IDENTITIES Social identity: roles Personal identity: understanding of self Authentic self: viewing of self does not correspond with normative guidelines o Arlie Hochschild Emotional labour: deep acting (ie. Flight attendants) Forced smiles become divorced from true feelings PROTECTIVE IDENTITY WORK Vocabularies of motive CW Mills o Describes standardized forms employed by people to explain/ excuse behaviour Motivation: internal states, drives, needs to create impulse to act certain way Motive talk: what we say about why we have acted o Disclaimers: verbal devices used to ward off potential negative implications o Accounts: retrospective, aimed to what has already happened. Scott and Lyman accounts are unanticipated...
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