How people orient behaviour to what others think

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Unformatted text preview: people orient behaviour to what others think Originated in Chicago Charles Cooley: individuals develop consciousness of their self W.I Thomas : people entering situations have different points of views Mead: better socialized we are, the better we are able to stand in others’ shoes and see the world from their point of view o Multiple personality is a sense of normal Erving Goffman: Role playing FEMINIST SOCIOLOGY Only a woman can understand a woman’s role Women more successful at acquiring rights than equality Maternal feminism: women are superior to men by nature Nellie McClung: combined maternal feminism with politics Marx: key to liberation is integration into productive work with men o Friedrich Engels: Studied rise of male dominance Women’s position of power=mothers Patriatchy: male dominance Marianne Weber: liberal feminism o Seek to equalize men and women in economic structure Dorthy Smith: o Top-down model o Stand point theory: cant use research roles developed by men to study women MODERNISM/POSTM MODERNISM Contemporary feminism o Rejects theoretical tradition beginning with enlightenment Romantacism: irrational, emotional, and expressive aspects of life Positivists: sought prediction and control Research Methods 02/10/2013 3:38:00 PM Socialization 02/10/2013 3:38:00 PM INTRODUCTION Socialization is the acquisition of knowledge, skills and motivations to participate in social life It is a process by which people learn in interaction learn to survive, function, and become members of society Sociologists believe that socialization is a life long process that enables us to develop our selves, roles and identities. Not uniform Each generation experiences socializing effects based on birthplace and historical location HUMAN BEHAVIOUR-NATURE OR NUTUTRE Many believe that human behaviors is determined by biological forces. This is known as the nature argument Others argue that behavior is influenced by the environment. Nature argument <——should be Nurture Epigenetics: study of how environments modifies the ways that genes are expressed Socialization provides link between biology and culture o Environment might limit or facilitate extent of innate gifts SOCIAL DEPRIVATION Socialization is an essential part o acquiring traits associated with being human Social isolation hampers the ability to develop human traits, handle life’s ups and downs, and affects the way we age CASE OF GENIE Feral child: grows up without social interaction Discovered at the age of 13 in 1970 She had been tied to potty chair during the day and locked in a room alone for over 10 years At night, she was in straightjacket in a sleeping bag and placed in an over-sized metal crib At 13m she weighed 59 pounds and 54 inches tall Knew few commands Was not toilet trained and could not eat solid food Entered foster home Displays importance of social interaction LEARNING/BEHAVIOURISTS FRAMES OF REFERENCE Common belief: socialization is a product of a maturational change combined with classical or instrumental conditioning o Classical conditioning: links response to well known stimulus Infant hears mother’s voice or footsteps o Instrumental (operant) conditioning: response not related to stimulus Learn a response based on the outcome Positive reinforcement Generalizes animal behavior, but humand have capacity to share symbolic meaning PSYCHOANALYTIC FRAME OF REFERANCE Psychoanalysis was developed by SIGMUND FREUD and his followers in the early 20th century...
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