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Preventing equal participation mass media gender and

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Unformatted text preview: S MEDIA Gender and linguistic differences effect propensity to engage in media activities Exerts too much control that contributes to unhealthy behaviour o GTA Celebrity obsessed Gamson: Mainstream media seeks to frame scandals as more serious philosophical issues in unconscious attempt to differentiate themselves from tabloids etc o Reveals no individual but institutional pathologies, not normative order but institutional decay Strasburger: as media industry grows, become increasingly global and commercial in nature o Technology is reason for disorders Children become self-indulgent lifelong consumers o Form imaginary para-social (one sided) relationships THE LIFE COURSE, AGING, AND SOCIALIZATION Anticipatory socialization: refers to how an individual acquires values and orientations they will likely take up in the future o Children: Chores, job, sports Police force o Reinforce parliamentary structure and culture Adhere to code of conduct (symbolic control) Moral code: good vs bad Re-socialization o Due to changing circumstances o Old behaviours must be forgotten and new behaviours acquired SOCIALIZATION PROCESSES Dennis Wrong: over socialized conception of man o Reflects Parson’s functionalist theory o Pawns subject to invisible hands of larger forces Passively accept what is taught to us in order to conform to societal norms Peter Berger: unlike puppets we have possibility of stopping our movements Jamie Keiles: just because socializing agent exert pressure, doesn’t mean everyone will blindly follow Resocialization by total institutions: Goffman. o Nay group or organization that has control over individual and attempts to erase effects of previous socialization Brainwashing, religious conversion, propaganda, rehab Statuses, Roles, Self and Identity 02/10/2013 3:38:00 PM FUNCTIONALIST VIEW ON STATUSES AND ROLES Macro-theoretical perspective focuses on large scale/phenomenon o Religion, family, education Society is a living organism o Each part contributes to survival Learn new norms which are organized around status and roles Status: social position people hold Roles: consist of responsibilities and behaviours and privileges STATUSES Born into it or by nature/chance Hold many statuses simultaneously ROLES Contain rights and responsibilities o Reciprocity of roles Role conflict: behavioural expectations attached to a role clash with another Role strain: competing demands are built into a single role SICK ROLE Talcott Parsons Societies are dependent on people playing roles Method to deal with threat of social members being sick and unable to play their roles Sick is organized around 2 rights and responsibilities i. Sick and excused from social responsibilities Must be legitimate to be exempted ii. Expected to view situation as undesirable Expected to be proactive Challenged because o Doesn’t mention long-term illness o Doesn’t work in situations where no treatment is available Instructive to functionalists SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM: ROLES, SELF, AND IDENTITY George Herbert Mead then Herbert Blumer Three premises o Human beings act towards things on the basis of the meanings that these things have for them o Meanings of things arise from interaction o Meanings of things are handled and modified through process of interpretation that individuals engage in as they deal with things they encounter How social actors make sense of their worlds Individuals are always assessing and reassessing, defining, making sense of to determine how...
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