Women more male victims decreasing crime rate age

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Unformatted text preview: rate AGE Crime rates are highest in the late teens and early adulthood and decline sharply afterwards SOCIOLOGY OF DEVIANT CATEGORIES Study of moral stratification Social constructionism deviant behaviour defined with those who have power DEVIANCE AS A CLAIMS-MAKING PROCESS Claims-making-process by which groups assert grievances about troublesomes Directed towards three types o Publicizing the problematic character of the people o Shaping a particular view of the problem o Building consensus around new moral categories DEVIANCE AND SOCIAL CONFLICT Conflict theory (conservative and radical) Conservative: social conflicts regarding moral meaning of conduct emerge from diverse sources o Power is not concentrated Radical: Marxism o Social construction of deviance must be understood o Capitalism LABELLING Master status: deviant label that overrides all other status considerations Status degradation ceremony: ritual when the status of the deviant is confirmed o Court, psychiatric examinations POST MODERNISM Language marginalize and stigmatize people that come in contact with criminal justice system Class and Status Inequality 02/10/2013 3:38:00 PM INTRODUCTION Make assumptions on basis of relative class and standing Connections to class are assumptions of levels of power Present-Indirect and subtle Corporate elite are obscured by their corporate connections o Not well known even if corporations are well known to public Power relations are muddied by interconnections with patterns of inequality Various statuses are important in mediating roles CLASS AND STATUS INEQUALITIES IN SOCIOLOGICAL THOUGHTS Social stratification is foundational concern in sociology Refers to hierarchical arrangement od individuals based upon wealth, power, and prestige stresses the layering of groups of people based upon their privilege and social class types of statuses o ascribed status: assigned at birth and includes race, gender, disability and age o achieved status: earned over the life course meritocracy: operate under assumption that everyone has right through hard-work to do anything. Based on achieved status Canada has open stratification system More opportunities for upward mobility, known that that ascribed status limits opportunities for some Canadians Income and economic assets alone are not clear indicators of social class Nature and determination are not clear-cut, division among sociologists as to the overall significance of social stratification CONFLICT APPROACHES TO SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Karl Marx argued that society is best characterized by conflict o split between the two classes i. bourgeoisie owns the means of production while proles only have labour to sell ii. proletariat means of production refers to things that create wealth capitalist mode of production distorts social structure o private property, expropriate surplus wealth. Division of labour, alienated labour capitalists keep wages lower because capitalism ensures existence of a reserve army of labour reserve army labour: unemployed, depresses wages Marx conflict between bourgeoisie and proles would become inevitable as inequality become more pronounced o Eventually polarization would lead to the prole developing class consciousness Awareness of workers shared interest and their ability to react in those interests o Predicted a sot revolution, the eradication of capitalist economies, and a new mode of production Weber o Conflict theorist, argued that more to social class tha...
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