Social Control and Deviance1.How can you tell that the collective conscience exists in an in-person class, and how would the behaviors you see in our classroom be different if there were no collective conscience?Conscience —the common set of norms and beliefs about how the world works. This bindspeople together and helps everyone to conform by defining and helping people agree upon whatis and is not acceptable behavior (as well as how unacceptable behavior is punished), all ofwhich can keep society stable.Collective conscience: common set of norms and beliefs about how the world worksBinds people together, encourages conformityDefines what is considered deviant and how it is punished.2.Use the terms collective conscience and deviance to explain why an army drill sergeant might like it when there are one or two “trouble-makers” under his command.Helping people agree upon what is and is not acceptable behavior (as well as how unacceptable behavior is punished) 3.Why is it not possible to know if a particular act, like having a tattoo, is deviant without information about the social context?because some things that are deviant to our society might not be deviant in another4.What is the relationship between crime and mass incarceration in recent decades?mass incarceration is not the main cause of lower crime5.Strain theory, labeling theory, differential association theory, and social disorganization theory provide different explanations for deviance. Describe how each of them might explain academic dishonesty.-strain theory- -labeling theory: people then behave the way they think someone with their label should have, so one might cheat if they are seen as a cheater. people often eventually accept how they are labeled as the "truth", one might accept that they cheat and do it. -brokenwindow: people who would not be deviant in one social context might be deviant where a behavior seems more permissible. One might not steal because they would get caught but would cheat on an exam if they believe that they could get away with it.6.Is there a difference between crime and deviance? If so, describe the difference.Deviance is behavior that violates norms and rules of society, and crime is a type of deviant behavior that violates the formal criminal law. Criminology is the study of crime from a scientific perspective.7.What is the difference between primary and secondary deviance?Primary deviance: the first act of rule breaking, which may result in being labeled “deviant” and influence how people think about you Secondary deviance: acts of rule breaking that occur after primary deviance and as a result of a person’s new, deviant label The initial act of deviance is called primary deviance, while the deviant behavior that occurs after labeling is called secondary deviance8.What types of approaches would Conflict theorists take regarding crime compared to Functionalists?
Conflict theorists argue that this explains why society has laws and harsh sentences against