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Unformatted text preview: Fall 2006 Psychology 202: Introductory Psychology Professor Devine Study Packet #1 Use of this packet: These questions were generated to help you focus your studying and to help you gauge how prepared you are. Not every topic on the guide will necessarily be tested on the exam, nor does every topic on the exam necessarily appear in the guide. The guide will be most useful to you if you try to answer the questions from memory (without your textbook and lecture notes), and then check your answers. If you run out of space, use the back of the sheets to complete questions. Answers to study packet questions will not be provided. Introduction to psychology & Scientific methods in psychology 1. What is reductionism? Preferring more explantion at molecular level then at the molar level molar- is a general level of anaylsis molecular very specefic, all the way down to genes Most pyschologist prefer a molar approach to understand all levels of anaylsis Does ones theoretical perspective determine the appropriate level of explanation (molar to molecular)? No psychological phenomona can be explained in many ways, all levels of anaylsis are useful levels are not independent on eachother ex) depression- on individual level , those that are pron to depression, have systematic ways to find failures in themselves (genes, brain, hormones) ex) on bological level , there are nuero transmitters when these are out of place in the brain, people are more pron to depression(genes, brain, hormones) ex) on cultural level , supressed regions, in war for example seem to see the bad in life more (socail norms, peer pressure, culture) 2. Explain the following theoretical perspectives. How do they differ from one another? A. Behavioral/ Neuroscience Behavior is caused/ determinded by internal physical, chemical, and biological processes. ( study of genes, brain and nervous system, endocrine system) Behavior is caused by ones enviornment. Emphasizes the study of observable behavior and the effects of learning. ( external rewards and punishments) The mind may exsist but is scientifically irrevelant Behaviorists- have an S-R approcah if you cant see it you cant study it. *stimuli--->black box<----responses. B. Cognitive Much of human behavior can be understood in terms of mental processing of information. Emphasizes active info processing, thinking, insight, memory, problem solving, decision making. Replace black box with O- organism's reflective mental operations C. Psychoanalytic Behavior is caused by forces within ones personality that are often hidden or unconscious. Emphasize internal impulses, desires, conflicts, early experiences. Views behavior as the result of clashing forces within personality....
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course PSY 202 taught by Professor Henriques during the Spring '08 term at Wisconsin.
- Spring '08