Study Guide for Exam 2 - Ariel Lagares Anthro 105 Study...

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Ariel Lagares Anthro 105 Study Guide For Exam 2 October 8, 2013 Hunter-Gathers: Daily life, food sharing, cooking, hunting, tubers Human diet compared to other Apes Diet & Evolution: Food types and properties Recent Hunter-gather populations Most of them are prominent in N. America in California Hunter Gather - gets their own food from the wild (no domesticated plants and animals) and on their own. No government help. Weapons: no guns, no cars but hand-made tools (traditional way of hunting food). Defined by their diet and how they get their food. Indians now live in villages. It’s a handful of them in South America. The Indians are no longer living as Hunter-gathers but there are some living like that today (very few). This is the lifestyle that most of our human species history evolved. When the Homo sapiens got created, this is how we lived for 190,000 years. This shaped our physiology. A lot of variation: some live deep rainforest, coast dry environment, cold environments, etc (live around the globe). Their living is variable. Hadza Workday Wakeup at Daybreak when the sun is up. Women would talk amongst each other and go to collect berries, fruits and tubers, underground root vegetables. Decide where they want to go, share information about which place is best to collect and socialize. Men also do the same thing for hunting but Men go out alone whereas women go out in groups. The reason for that is men have better luck hunting a prey, gives less reason to scare off animals. Most often, they come home empty-handed so they usually eat plant foods the females gather. Women have babies on their backs and walk long distances. Language: They speak Zahelee. They grew up speaking their tribal language which is Hadzaze. Every group in Africa has their own tribal language. Difficult to communicate among each tribe so they created a trade language. They all speak Hadza, a lot of them speak one or two tribal languages and these days, they speak Zahelee as well because the language became common. Men use axes to chop down honey and bow and arrows for game. Honey is a big part of their diet and they eat a lot of it.
End of the day: Women are back from foraging and they share their food. Men share their game and their honey for his family. Sharing is the most important behavior that humans have. Sharing food, not material needs. Hadza are top predators, they are not afraid of most animals except elephants and snakes. Think all snakes are poisonous. 1500 Hadza in the world They know a lot about the outside world. They walk a long way to traded goods. 50 or 60 camps in Hadza land. Average life span? People say the average life span is 35 years old. Average life span is the average age in which people die. A lot of kids die at age 5 from childhood diseases and a lot of adults die at age 75.

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