FractionalGeometry-Chap2

That is continuous functions need not preserve

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Unformatted text preview: ≤ 3k ... Ck+1 : Figure 2.19: The first six stages, C1 through C6 , of the Hilbert curve. So certainly no point of the filled-in unit square S is farther than ǫk+1 = √ 3−k 2/2 from a point of Ck+1 , so S ⊆ (Ck+1 )ǫk+1 2.2. THE HAUSDORFF METRIC 39 Of course, for each k , Ck+1 ⊆ S = S0 and so h(S, Ck+1 ) ≤ ǫk+1 Once we know that C∞ is a curve (Prob. 2.2.7), and that h is a metric (Prop. 2.2.1), hence positive-definite, then the observation lim h(S, Ck+1 ) = 0 k→∞ shows that the curve C∞ is the filled-in unit square. That is, C∞ : [0, 1] → [0, 1] × [0, 1] is onto, and so the name space-filling curve is sensible. Space-filling curves provided an example of an unexpected complication in mathematics. They are continuous functions from a 1-dimensional set (the unit interval) onto a 2-dimensional set (the unit square). That is, continuous functions need not preserve dimensions. In Sect. 3.13, we see that (some notions of) dimensions are preserved under a more restrictive class of functions. To establish the convergence result for all IFS, we must take these steps: 1. Show the Hausdorff dist...
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