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Reason and Commitment Class 4

Socratic paradox no one does wrong voluntarily ie

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Unformatted text preview: y ­modern political thought (in particular Grotius and Hobbes)Choice and Reason after Socrates ! Socratic paradox: “No one does wrong voluntarily” – i.e. wrongdoing an epistemological problem (mistaken belief, not evil intent, as the root of wrongdoing): the concept of will absent from Socratic moral thought ! Thus the problem of akrasia, “weakness of will”, denied by Socrates (Phaedo: the entire soul as embodied reason) ! Reason governs human life, only ignorance leads us astray (absence of a non ­ rational part of the soul) Plato and Aristotle ! Plato’s tripartite soul (reason, thumos, appetite): a principle of hierarchy ordering the...
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