Soci Midterm Notes - SOCIAL PROBLEMS MID TERM TEPPERMAN CH...

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SOCIAL PROBLEMS MID TERM TEPPERMAN CH 1 – INTRO Social Problem A social condition or pattern of behavior that is believed to warrant public concern and collective action. Sociological Imagination The ability to see connections between one’s own life (micro-events), the social world in which one lives (macro-events), and between personal or private troubles and public issues. It enables people to distinguish between personal troubles and public issues. Moral Entrepreneurs Describes people who ‘discover’ and attempt to publicize deviant behaviors. Moral entrepreneurs are movement reformers who are disturbed by particular types of evil they see in the world and will not rest until something is done to correct the problem. Symbols Gestures, artifacts, and words that represent something else. Norms The rules and expectations of the society pertaining to appropriate behaviors under various social circumstances. They regulate behavior in different situations and large-scale norm violation often is viewed as a social problem – problem occurs when traditionally normative behavior is violated. Roles The specific duties and obligations expected of those who occupy a specific social status. Social Groups A set of people, defined by formal or informal criteria of membership, who feel unified or are bound together in stable patterns of interaction. Moral Panics Public expressions of feelings and attitude typically based on false or exaggerated perceptions, that some cultural behavior or group of people (frequently a minority group) is dangerously deviant and pose a menace to society. Latent Functions Hidden, unstated and sometimes unintended consequences of activities in an organization or institution. Manifest Functions The visible and intended goals, consequences, or effects of social structures and institutions. Symbolic Interactionism A theory that studies the process by which individuals interpret and respond to the actions of others and that conceives of society as the product of this continuous face-to-face interaction; a microsociological approach that focuses on individuals and small groups Structural Functionalism A theory emphasizing the way each part of society functions to fulfill the needs to the society as a whole; also called “functionalism” ; a macrosociological
approach that focuses on the societal, as opposed to the individual, level. Conflict Theory A theory that emphasizes conflict and change as the regular and permanent features of society; a macrosociological research approach that focuses on processes within the whole society. Social Construction Sociologists make connections by closely analyzing reality at two levels: macro and micro o Microsociology (micro-level analysis) focuses on interactions between individuals in small groups Studies peoples understanding and experience of social problems at the local, personal level o Macrosociology (macro-level analysis) focuses on the societal level Explores ways that large-scale social trends affect the population as a whole

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