524_6528_485627.docx - Emile Durkheim mechanical and organic solidarity Solidarity Mechanical and Organic Anne M Hornsby Extract French sociologist

524_6528_485627.docx - Emile Durkheim mechanical and...

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Emile Durkheim mechanical and organic solidarity Solidarity, Mechanical and Organic - Anne M. Hornsby Extract: French sociologist Emile Durkheim (1858–1917) coined the terms mechanical and organic solidarity to describe two types of social organization , that is, ways in which individuals are connected to each other and how they identify with the groups and societies in which they live. Social solidarity is a state of unity or cohesion that exists when people are integrated by strong social bonds and shared beliefs and also are regulated by well-developed guidelines for action (values and norms that suggest worthy goals and how people should attain them). In The Division of Labor in Society (1893) Durkheim argued that social solidarity takes different forms in different historical periods and varies in strength among groups in the same society. What is the definition of social solidarity? In mechanical solidarity social cohesion and integration comes from the homogeneity (togetherness) of individuals:

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