Tuesday november 12 2013 wavelength index n vac n

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Unformatted text preview: e at UCSD in 2000 by Shelly Schultz and David Smith (my friend, and former college roommate here at UCSD). Tuesday, November 12, 2013 Light wave with index n Traveling wave with frequency ω = 2π /T and wavenumber ω λ c v= = = k T n vacuum index n k = |￿ | = 2π /λ k with ω = ωvac k = nkvac λ = λvac /n Same time dependence on two sides, only the spatial part is affected. Tuesday, November 12, 2013 wavelength, index n λ = λvac /n leads to Snell’s law Tuesday, November 12, 2013 Fermat’s principle “Light always takes the path of shortest time.” If n is unchanged everywhere, the shortest time path is the same as the shortest distance path. Even if light goes faster in some regions than others (n is larger in the slower regions), light always manages to find and take the quickest path. Example: mirages Tuesday, November 12, 2013 Reflection & refraction Fermat: the path always (locally) minimizes the time needed for light to go from source to observer. Shortens distance on slower side, to reduce time. n1 sin θ1 = n2 sin θ2 Tuesday, November 12,...
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2014 for the course PHYSICS 2C taught by Professor Hicks during the Fall '09 term at UCSD.

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