8 10 kgm msun m 2 faq cont qlast time you told

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Unformatted text preview: September 30, 2013 our later use, waves. Week 1: fluids (ch 12) dm ρ= dV Density: dm = ρ dV if it’s constant, ρ = m/V 3 ρwater ≈ 10 kg/m 4 ρlead ≈ 10 kg/m ρneutron star ρblack Monday, September 30, 2013 3 3 ρconcrete ≈ 2ρwater ρgold ≈ 2ρlead Just for fun, ≈ 10 (kg/m ) black holes: hole 18 3 19 3 ≥ 1.8 × 10 (kg/m )(Msun /M ) 2 FAQ, cont. • Q:“Last time you told us the densities of water, lead, neutron stars, etc. Do we need to know all that data for the exams?” A: No! Any needed data will be given to you on the exam. No need to memorize stuff. • The 3 x 5 card is for equations etc. If you forgot an equation, ask the TA and they might agree to write it on the chalkboard for you (at their discretion). Monday, September 30, 2013 Red scantron, X-101864-PAR-L Grove general store (cheapest), or bookstore. Or buy from TA or classmates before quiz (for $$$$) Monday, September 30, 2013 Pressure (=scalar!) ￿ dF = −p nda ￿ (area) p = dF⊥ /da if constant, p = F⊥ /A Ex: hydraulic press: pressure of fluid inside is almost constant (more soon), so p = F1 /A1 = F2 /A2 F2 = F1 · (A2 /A1 ) ￿ F1 Like a lever, can lift heavy object. Wby1 = F1 ∆x1 = p∆V1 ∆ V 1 = ∆ x 1 A1 Won2 = F2 ∆x2 = p∆V2 ∆ V 2 = ∆ x 1 A2 Same (no loss) if fluid is incompressible: ∆V1 = ∆V2 Monday, September 30, 2013 “Gauge” Pressure = Pressure ABOVE atmospheric pressure. E.g. pbike tire ≈ 100psi pcar tire ≈ 20psi Estimate area of each tire in contact with the ground Bike: 1 2 (200)/(100) = 1(in) 2 1 2 Car: (4000)/(20) = 50(in) 4 Monday, September 30, 2013 A=F/p OK, makes sense 2 MKS: 1P a = 1N/m Atmospheric pressure At sea level, air pressure is around 101,000 Pa = 1atm. This is around 15 psi. E.g. on your hand, this is a force of around 150 lbs. Comes from the weight of all the air molecules in the atmosphere above us. It doesn’t push our hand down because the same pressure is below our hand, pushing it up. mg Monday, September 30, 2013 Pressure and depth Pressure in a fluid increases as depth is increased, because i...
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2014 for the course PHYSICS 2C taught by Professor Hicks during the Fall '09 term at UCSD.

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