PLS pg. 28-43 - Drafting The Constitution Drafting the...

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Drafting The Constitution pg. 28-43 Drafting the Constitution In order for the country to survive, changes had to be made. i.e. relationship between states and central govt., powers of national legislature, need for executive leadership & establishment of policies for economic stability. Factions among the Delegates Majority of delegates of the Constitutional Convention were nationalists (wanted a govt. under the Articles of Confederation) George Washington & Ben Franklin preferred limited national authority based on separation of powers. Governor Edmund Ralph of VA was prepared to present 15 resolutions: The Virginia Plan (favored large states) called for… 1. A bicameral legislature- lower chamber chosen by the people & smaller upper chamber chosen by lower chamber f/ nominees selected by state legislatures. Number of reps proportional to population. 2. Creation of an unspecified national executive elected by the legislature 3. Creation of a national judiciary, appointed by legislature The New Jersey Plan (lawyer William Paterson of New Jersey offered an alternative plan and proposed the following: 1. The fundamental principle of the Articles of Confederation- one state, one vote- would be retained 2. Congress would be able to regulate trade and impose taxes. 3. All acts of Congress would be the supreme law of the land. 4. Several people would be elected by Congress to form an executive office. 5. The executive office would appoint a Supreme Court. - Supremacy doctrine - doctrine that asserts the priority of national law over state laws. The “Great Compromise” Roger Sherman of Connecticut proposed the following: - Great Compromise - the compromise between the New Jersey and Virginia plans that created on chamber of the Congress based on population and one chamber representing each state equally; also called the Connecticut Compromise 1. A bicameral legislature in which the lower chamber, the House of Representatives, would be apportioned according to the number of free inhabitants in each state, plus three-fifths of the slaves.
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Drafting The Constitution pg. 28-43 2. An upper chamber, the Senate which would have two members from each state elected by the state legislatures. The Three-Fifths Compromise
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PLS pg. 28-43 - Drafting The Constitution Drafting the...

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