CLAS1005 10-20-08 greece and persia - 2 0 OCTOBER 2008 GREECE AND PERSIA Summary Persia and the Persians down to the Persian Wars(490 480-79 BCE Causes

CLAS1005 10-20-08 greece and persia - 2 0 OCTOBER 2008...

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20 OCTOBER 2008 GREECE AND PERSIA Summary Persia and the Persians down to the Persian Wars (490 & 480-79 BCE). Causes of the Persian Wars. The conduct of the Persian Wars. Consequences of the Persian Wars o Conflict between Greece and Persia most significant of western world o Contributed to rise of economic, military, cultural power of Athens o Direct line between Persian Wars and Peloponnesian Wars (Athens vs. Sparta) o Created ideological division between east and west we still have o Series of battles formative in shaping Pan-Hellenic culture Sources on the Persian Wars: Herodotus of Halicarnassus o First historian, “father of history” Closest chronology to events, developed nation that past had to be interpreted and contextualized, based on facts o His reflections and characterization of the eastern world shape how it is viewed throughout history to the present o Lots of dates Who are the Persians? The Persians were an Indo-European speaking people from South-Western Iran o Indo-European: group of related languages; all probably came from one parent language that evolved as people spread out Were the first people to est. a somewhat “global” empire o Multicultural, multinational Ruled over a massive multi-cultural empire from 559 – 330 BCE (Achaemenids) o Overthrown by Alexander the Great o Empire increased and bumped into Greek polis (i.e. Asia Minor) Major impact of both the West and the East (i.e. Persian Wars; Hellenistic World) o Hellenistic- “Greek-like” o Alexander the Great took over Persian Empire, which spread Greek culture Problem with biased sources The Expansion of Persia Cyrus the Great, became ruler of the Persians in 557 BCE 550 BCE – Cyrus overthrows Astayages, king of the Medes o Persia a province in kingdom of Medes 549 BCE – Unites Persians and Medes into one kingdom – forges a multicultural empire o Goes on spree to conquer places and create empire 546 BCE – Cyrus captures Lydia 540 BCE – Captured all mainland Greek cities of Asia Minor 538 BCE – Cyrus captures Babylon
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529 BCE – Cyrus dies and is succeeded by his son Cambyses II Cambyses rules Persian Empire until 522 BCE – Conquers Egypt in 525 BCE o Indus river to Egypt, Russia to ocean Succeeded by Darius I (522 BCE – 486 BCE) o Seizes power through a coup after Cambyses dies Darius adds Thrace and Macedon to Persian control o Modern Macedonia, Croatia The Persian Empire Organization of the Persian Empire Empire ruled by kings (Achaemenids) Empire divided into Satrapies (i.e. territorial province; mini kingdoms) Each Satrapy is governed by Satraps (mini kings) o Had the responsibilities as king Taxes and tribute, money for standing army, infrastructure Satraps are close relations to the king o Because Satrap could be threat to the king The Great King is the master of all – the King alone is free o All things belong to the king o Gives land for services and can take it away
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  • Fall '08
  • RichardWenghofer
  • Persian, Agamemnon, The Iliad, Battle of Thermopylae, Achaemenid Empire, Battle of Plataea, Battle of Salamis

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