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Unformatted text preview: istency and reliability of the caregiving provided by the mother. If the mother fails to provide these
factors, the infant will not develop the ability to trust others when appropriate and will have great
difficulties forming intimate and close relationships with others in the future (Siegler et al., 2011).
Studies investigating infants ability to retain memories of traumatic experiences have supported
the suggestion that trauma occurring between 036 months can be stored, expressed and encoded in
both nonverbal and verbal forms (Paley, & Alpert, 2003). A meta analysis of nine studies investigating
infant trauma showed that infants can retain both behavioural/implicit memories of trauma; which can be
expressed as ‘behavioural reenactments’ defined as “spontaneous expressions of trauma linked to
behaviors in everyday activities” (Paley, & Alpert, 2003). There is usually no direct link between the
behavioural reenactment and the trauma, but they may include traumaspecific fears, phobias, avo...
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This document was uploaded on 02/15/2014 for the course PSYC 302 at The University of British Columbia.
- Fall '08