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Lecture 19 - Gunpowder and Syphilis

Lecture 19 - Gunpowder and Syphilis - Lecture 19 Gunpowder...

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Lecture 19: Gunpowder and Syphilis I. A New Weapon Invented by Tang Dynasty China: paper, compass, moveable printing, gunpowder 850, Chinese alchemist figure out exploding mixture: sulfur charcoal, salt peter o first used for arrows and cannons 11 century à Islamic world uses gunpowder 15 century: big rocket launchers used – cannon ball? Doctors understand that gunpowder wound was not arrow wound o “wound man” picture get updated to include gunpowder and missiles New Wounds = New Treatment: poison on wound o Cauterizing wound (counteract poison with boiling oil…) o Ambroise Paré 1510 – 1590 o Runs out of boiling oil for treatment Cooked onions and bandaged with that – better results Relies on experience (old woman’s advice) Most surgeons learned in apprenticeship manner No classical precedent for treating gunpowder wounds II. A New Disease Syphilis: siege of Naples, 1495 Sounded more severe in ancient times than nowadays
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