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Lecture 16 - Renaissance and Humanism

Lecture 16 - Renaissance and Humanism - Lecture 16...

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Lecture’16’ –’ Renaissance’ and’Humanism’ ’ I. Recovering Ancient Texts Goal: recreate classical learning o Thought ancient Greek learning perfect o No one really knew classical Greek at first Manuel Chrysoloras c. 1355-1415 o Goes back to Constantinople to study Greek o Goes to Florence to teach Greek o Translated a lot to Latin o Creates blueprint for people to study Greek (textbooks) Constantinople fall to Turks (Istanbul) o Scholars flee with their work/manuscripts o Injection of Greek learning into Western Europe New access to works of Hippocrates o Surge of interest in Hippocratic medicine o Interest in bedside medicine o Resurgence of interest in dietary means Women’s health o Underlines difference o Womb is source of 600 maladies (negative view) o Gave male physicians legitimation as gynecologist Galen’s work reprinted/translated o Also published in Greek Erasmus 1466 – 1536 o Humanist Scholar (not physician) o Translated Galen II. Developing of Critical Readings Philology o Study of history of structure of language
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Lecture 16 - Renaissance and Humanism - Lecture 16...

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