What was the Enlightenment?After the Scientific Revolution,people began to question HOW A RULER GOT HIS POWERANDWHY A GOVERNMENT WAS SET UP
The Key word to answer these questions:REASON-EVERY ANSWER HAD TO STAND THE TEST OF REASON-PEOPLE DEMANDED A REASON TO EXPLAIN HOW A RULER GOT HIS POWERANDA REASON FOR WHY A GOVERNMENT WAS SET UP!
John Locke•The reason a ruler got his power was that the people gave him that power: “The Consent of the people (governed)”•The reason a government is set up is to:“protect natural rights -Life, Liberty, and Property”
Jean Jacques Rousseau•The reason a ruler got his power is that the majority of the people gave him that power- called the “general will of the people”•The reason a government was set up was to pass the laws that the majority wanted-“majority vote of the people”
MontesquieuIt stands to reason that best way to set up a government is by“separating the branches of government”