DIET_and_NUTRITION_CONCEPTUAL_IMPORTANCE - ISSN 2320-5407 Int J Adv Res 5(6 2198-2202 Journal Homepage www.journalijar.com Article DOI

DIET_and_NUTRITION_CONCEPTUAL_IMPORTANCE - ISSN...

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ISSN: 2320-5407 Int. J. Adv. Res. 5(6), 2198-2202 2198 Journal Homepage: - Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/4659 DOI URL: RESEARCH ARTICLE DIET & NUTRITION: CONCEPTUAL IMPORTANCE IN THE SPECIALITY OF ORTHODONTICS-A REVIEW. Arya Ashish, Raghav Pradeep, Sharma Utkarsh and Kochhar Abhimanyu. …………………………………………………………………………………………………… .... Manuscript Info Abstract ……………………. ……………………………………………………………… Manuscript History Received: 25 April 2017 Final Accepted: 28 May 2017 Published: June 2017 \ Copy Right, IJAR, 2017,. All rights reserved. …………………………………………………………………………………………………… .... Introduction:- In recent years people have become more aware and concerned about maintaining good health and having a healthy lifestyle. A good diet plays an important role in maintaining good health. 1 Even the government of different countries have been working to formalize national nutrition monitoring system and there are new labelling laws for foods regarding fat and salt content. 2, 3 With so much focus on healthier foods and more nutritional food choices, dietary counselling and nutritional education relevant to oral health have become an important component of dental education. In fact 1987 guidelines for accreditation of dental schools by ADA requires that ―the graduate must be competent to provide dietary counselling and nutritional education relevant to oral health. 4 Study of diet and nutrition is also a mandatory part of curriculum in Indian dental schools. 5 With nutritional issues in the spot light, it seems a good time to evaluate how orthodontic treatment affects a patient’s diet. Orthodontic treatment creates physical, physiologic and emotional stresses that increase the nutrient mobilization and utilization thus raising the nutritional requirements of the person. This along with the fact that the nutritional needs of adolescents (the age of a typical orthodontic patient) is already stressed by growth and development as well as the emotional stress of puberty, maintenance of a well-balanced diet is of great importance. Fixed orthodontic treatment (braces in common language) typically lasts for around 1½ to 3 years and during this duration certain dietary restrictions and modifications are advised. Typically the orthodontist often advise their patients to eat soft food during treatment to avoid pressure sensitivity but very few give clear cut instructions or provide diet charts. In absence of these, patients generally switch over to convenient easy to eat food, without any special attention to the nutrient values of the consumed food. The literature suggests that orthodontic patient’s nutritional status can affect the reaction of the tissues to orthodontic forces. 6 Ascorbic acid deficiency for example is thought to slow down orthodontic tooth movement by decreasing the body’s ability to heal. 6, 7 Less than adequate levels of ascorbic acid hinder the breakdown and reformation of collagen which is necessary for tooth movement.

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