HumanGeography - Cultural Geography Culture: learned...

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Cultural Geography Culture: learned collective behavior, similarities between groups that bind people together Culture wars: the fights and debates over culture Cultural Geography: how space, place, and landscape shape the culture at the time and how culture shapes space, place, and landscape Folk Culture: traditional practices of small groups especially rural people, who are seen to be homogenous in their belief systems and practice Popular Culture: the practices and meaning systems produced by large groups of people whose norms and tastes are often homogenous and change frequently, often in response to commercial products Cultural Trait: a single aspect of the complex of routine practices that constitute a particular cultural group (dietary laws of Jewish) Cultural Complex: combination of traits characteristic of a particular group Cultural Landscape: viewing the landscape built and created by humans (architecture, food, clothing impact any landscape and reflect the culture) Cultural Region: area where certain cultural practices, beliefs, or values are more or less practiced by the majority of the inhabitants Cultural System: a collection of interacting components that shape a groups collective identity and includes traits, territorial affiliation, and shared history Religion: belief system and set of practices that recognizes the existence of a higher power o Monotheistic: one god o Polytheistic: more than one god o Animistic: belief that inanimate objects possess spirits and should be revered o Universalizing: religions that actively seek converts because members believe they offer belief systems of universal appropriateness and appeal o Ethnic: religions whose adherents are born into the faith and whose members do not actively seek converts. Diaspora: spatial dispersion of a previously homogenous group Syncretism: the mixing of two or more religions that creates unique rituals, artwork, and beliefs Secularization: a process that is leading to increasingly large groups of people who claim no allegiance to any church. Some of these people are atheists. Others simply do not practice. Some call themselves spiritual, but not religious. Fundamentalism: a process that is leading to increasingly large groups of people who claim there is only one way to interpret worship. They generally envision a return to a more perfect religion and ethics they imagine existed in the past. Language: a set of sounds, combination of sounds, and symbols that are used for communication o Lingua Franca: language used among speakers of different languages for the purpose of trade and commerce o Pidgin Language: a language created when people combine parts of two or more languages into a simplified structure and vocabulary o Creole Language: a pidgin language that has developed a more complex structure and vocabulary and has become the native language of a group of people Standard Language: a language that is published, widely distributed, and purposefully taught
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course GEOG 102 taught by Professor Haselwood during the Spring '08 term at Kansas.

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HumanGeography - Cultural Geography Culture: learned...

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