American Indians

American Indians - 2) A) American Indian- An ethnicity of...

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2) A) American Indian- An ethnicity of people who can be traced back to central asia. Who moved to Siberia and entered the New World 14 thousand years ago over the Bering straight while following herds of game. They have tribes, own language and cultures. Socially an American Indian identifies himself as one if he has some identity with his aboriginal past. B) In America the term Indian was used until the more politically correct Native American became popular (which could mean anyone born within America). In Canada the use the terms First Nations and Aboriginals to identify any Indian or Eskimo. 3) Paelo-Indian - 14000-8000 Years ago. During the Ice Age time. They lived in a very cold environment. They hunted Mammoths, but did not eat many plants. Archaic - 8000bc-800bc. Lived during the Warming Period. Hunter/Gatherers. Used plants, had maritime technology. Used other new technologies, and new migration patterns arose. Adena Hopewell - 800bc-800ad. Eastern woodland culture in the Ohio/Illinois area. Their burial grounds were a sign of social hierarchy and wealth. Mississippian - 800ad-500ad. Had complex architecture including irrigation systems from rivers. Economy depended on maize, beans and squash. Had social ranks. Anasazi- . 700ad-1400ad. Lived in the four corners of Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona. They were the ancestors of pueblo Indians known as the Hopi. They are known as a basket making culture. The Pueblos (Hopi) were associated with pueblo type dwellings, ceremonial chambers and elaborate pottery. By 1299 everyone abruptly left due to a drought. Many resorted to cannibalism. Hokokam - 4000bc. Maize was domesticated in Mesoamerica. 1000bc- they lived in southwest and had very productive hybrid strain of maize which enabled them to be sedentary, lived in Arizona. 4) A) Archeology - Relative dating younger vs older. Stratigrophy used (Older Stuff on bottom younger stuff on top). Absolute Dating- Giving an close to exact date. Carbon Dating- using radioactive isotopes to find the exact date. B) Culture Area Concept - Areas of similar groups, tribes, linguistic traditions. Tribes weren’t politically united until 1800s. Trade concentrations- Point of Origin and Trade Distribution- age. C) Physical Anthropology- Genetics and Blood types can show the migration patterns of natives (since many share the same blood type of O). D) Language - Borrowed vocabulary words (“Glottochronology”). tells a lot about previous contact with different groups. 81% similar vocabularies in some areas. Shows a split in vocabulary. Some cultures had the same language over a vast area while some groups where highly isolated. Missionaries hard to learn the language. 5) Major Legislation
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course ANT 303 taught by Professor Hendel-sebestyen during the Spring '08 term at SUNY New Paltz.

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American Indians - 2) A) American Indian- An ethnicity of...

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