Syntactic difference syntactic a letter was sent to

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Unformatted text preview: ter. Syntactic difference: Syntactic A letter was sent to Galileo, the great Italian scientist. (Passive voice) (Passive Word order difference: He sent Galileo, the great Italian scientist, a letter. Results: Memory for Gist 100 90 % 80 Correct Semantic 70 60 50 0 80 Syntactic Order Identical 160 # of syllables between sentence and test Sachs (1967) Remembering wording Remembering Whose broad stripes and bright stars Whose through the perilous ___________ through Central ideas Central v Rating importance of ideas – Most important = remembered best v Children remember important ideas – It’’s automatic: they can’t identify the important ideas when s asked. asked. v Traffic and weather – poor recall – not obvious what’s important/central – memory depends on us looking for info The procedure is actually quite simple. First you arrange items into different groups. Of course one pile may be sufficient depending on how much there is to do. If you have to go somewhere else due to lack of facilities that is the next step; otherwise, you are pretty well set. It is important not to overdo things. That is, it is better to do too few things at once then too many. In the short run this may not seem important but complications can easily arise. A mistake can be expensive as well. At first, the whole procedure will seem complicated. Soon, however, it will become just another facet of life. It is difficult to foresee any end to the necessity for this task in the immediate future, but then, one can never tell. After the procedure is completed one arranges the materials into different groups again. Then they can be put into their appropriate places. Eventually they will be used once more and the whole cycle will then have to be repeated. However, that is a part of life. (Bransford & Johnson, 1972) (Bransford “Title” 18 ideas total v No title: recall 2.8 ideas No 2.8 v Title before reading: 5.8 ideas Title 5.8 v Title after reading: 2.7 ideas. Title 2.7 Balloons Balloons If the balloons popped the sound wouldn't be able to carry since everything would be too far away...
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