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A letter was sent to Galileo, the great Italian scientist.
Word order difference:
He sent Galileo, the great Italian scientist, a letter. Results: Memory for Gist
Correct Semantic 70
50 0 80 Syntactic
160 # of syllables between sentence and test
Sachs (1967) Remembering wording
Whose broad stripes and bright stars
through the perilous ___________
through Central ideas
v Rating importance of ideas
– Most important = remembered best v Children remember important ideas
– It’’s automatic: they can’t identify the important ideas when
asked. v Traffic and weather
– poor recall
– not obvious what’s important/central
– memory depends on us looking for info The procedure is actually quite simple. First you arrange items into different
groups. Of course one pile may be sufficient depending on how much there
is to do. If you have to go somewhere else due to lack of facilities that is the
next step; otherwise, you are pretty well set. It is important not to overdo
things. That is, it is better to do too few things at once then too many. In the
short run this may not seem important but complications can easily arise. A
mistake can be expensive as well. At first, the whole procedure will seem
complicated. Soon, however, it will become just another facet of life. It is
difficult to foresee any end to the necessity for this task in the immediate
future, but then, one can never tell. After the procedure is completed one
arranges the materials into different groups again. Then they can be put into
their appropriate places. Eventually they will be used once more and the
whole cycle will then have to be repeated. However, that is a part of life.
(Bransford & Johnson, 1972)
18 ideas total
v No title: recall 2.8 ideas
v Title before reading: 5.8 ideas
v Title after reading: 2.7 ideas.
If the balloons popped the sound wouldn't be able to carry
since everything would be too far away...
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