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Unformatted text preview: only in last 5 years or so there has been a focused effort to look at intersections of identity—”third wave” feminist theory Case Study: Eastern Dakota Case Study: Eastern Dakota Patterns Mary K. Whelan Much of the early gender work focused on burials Black Dog Burial site: 19th century eastern or Santee Sioux cemetery, Minnesota (excavated 1968, reburied 1988—no destructive analysis, no analysis of materials deemed sacred) Egalitarian Hunter­gatherer, horticulturalists Lived in large villages (200+) in summer, smaller groups in winter Cemeteries in linear arrangements along river terraces, scaffolds and reburial Results Results 95% of burials dated 1835­1855…24 excavated, containing 39­41 individuals 24 burials contained more than one individual, 11 were a single, 1 had no intact remains Multiple burials included a primary individuals with other buried on left side of primary on left side Burials analyzed to look at evidence of gender— biological sexing of skeletons used to compare artifact assemblages 12 individuals were sexed: 6 men, 6 women 27­29 were indeterminate ­16 adults, 16 juveniles No artifacts were found that were exclusively found with either men or women…but pipestone pipes, mirrors and pouches, were limited to only 7 individuals, majority were male, one female Whelan argued could be Berdache? Whelan argued cou...
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