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Unformatted text preview: only in last 5 years or so there has been a focused effort to look at intersections of identity—”third wave” feminist theory Case Study: Eastern Dakota Case Study: Eastern Dakota Patterns Mary K. Whelan Much of the early gender work focused on burials
Black Dog Burial site: 19th century eastern or Santee Sioux cemetery, Minnesota (excavated 1968, reburied 1988—no destructive analysis, no analysis of materials deemed sacred) Egalitarian
Lived in large villages (200+) in summer, smaller groups in winter
Cemeteries in linear arrangements along river terraces, scaffolds and reburial Results
Results 95% of burials dated 18351855…24 excavated, containing 3941 individuals
24 burials contained more than one individual, 11 were a single, 1 had no intact remains
Multiple burials included a primary individuals with other buried on left side of primary on left side
Burials analyzed to look at evidence of gender—
biological sexing of skeletons used to compare artifact assemblages 12 individuals were sexed: 6 men, 6 women
2729 were indeterminate
16 adults, 16 juveniles
No artifacts were found that were exclusively found with either men or women…but pipestone pipes, mirrors and pouches, were limited to only 7 individuals, majority were male, one female Whelan argued could be Berdache? Whelan argued cou...
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This document was uploaded on 02/16/2014 for the course ANTH 2AC at University of California, Berkeley.
- Spring '14