study_guide_for_second_exam_ fall 2013 - ESSAYS 1 Use Benjamin Franklins testimony to the House of Commons as your key source to elucidate the nature

study_guide_for_second_exam_ fall 2013 - ESSAYS 1 Use...

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ESSAYS 1. Use Benjamin Franklin’s testimony to the House of Commons as your key source to elucidate the nature of the “imperial troubles” that divided the British empire after 1765. 1) What was the American view of the “constitution” of the empire and why and how the colonists were (or were not) subject to Parliamentary taxation. Which taxes, if any, would colonists accept? Why? 2) Were colonists represented in Parliament or not? Explain the British view of these questions and why the British saw the Americans’ view of the king as retrograde and dangerous? 3) Can you see any way for the dispute to be resolved peaceably? Intro: Talk about the identity struggle of colonists. Am I American or Am I British. Most colonists had never been to Europe. The colonists were starting to see the metropolitan side of the world as corrupt, and politicians as people who take bribes and steal from the poor. The colonists felt they were inferior to Britain both monetarily and culturally. Thesis: Due to the political choices of the British, and the changing cultural views of the colonists, a rift formed that would cause political arguments to cross the Atlantic ocean with forthright prowess.Paragraph 1TS: The colonists felt they were no longer subjects or the British government, but subject to abuse of the crown’s government. Colonists’ views -Felt they were loyal the crown. -Felt that they were being unfairly taxed, but British relied on the common law legal system: if we taxed you in the past, a new tax will be obeyed too because it was obeyed in the past. -Internal tax is bad-Stamp act, tea act- A tax you cannot avoid. If you wanted paper, you could not buy paper without buying a stamp to put on it. If you wanted to get legal papers, which are a necessity for things like marriage and businesses, you had to have a stamp. -External (sales) tax is good -Duties, Navigation Acts- must trade with the British -External taxes have discretion. You may be required to trade with the British, buy you do not have to buy British goods while living in America. There is choice involved with this taxing. - sent men to aid in the seven years war because you asked, but now you demand men. We were never late on a payment during the seven years war. We think the British are just trying to flex their muscles and oppress us to show they are powerful. Paragraph 2TS: Despite being subject to the laws of the elected officials, the colonists did not have a vote in who was elected and disagreed with British rule as a result of it.- British officials would tax the colonists heavily to lighten the tax on the people that voted for them: the British. This helped officials hold office, but caused the colonists to hate the government. - The British felt that the Americans were represented in parliament because parliament had the views of all loyal British subjects in mind, which covered the British colonists in the Americas. - The British thought that the colonists took representation too literally. In Britain people who couldn’t vote got taxed like women and property less men. So, transitively, The colonists ought
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