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CA 94 Exam 2_Nigel

CA 94 Exam 2_Nigel - Name Nigel Chou CA 94 Introduction to...

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Name: Nigel Chou CA 94 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology Fall 2007 Professor Ralph Litzinger Exam II – Take Home Due in class on Thursday, Nov. 8, 2007 General Instructions: Please download the exam from Blackboard and type your answers after each question. Do not submit a separate piece of paper with your answer. Each answer must be typed after the question. Section 1. Globalization – the Cultural Critique Instructions. Some of the answers to the questions in this section require a short answer; others require a longer answer. For questions that require a longer answer, do not exceed 200 words . Each question is worth 2 points . 1. What term does Hannerz use to describe the cultural connections and interrelations that characterize the world today? Global Ecumene 2. In Hannerz’s view, what has been the defining feature of center-periphery relations since the 1960s? Asymmetry 3. Why does Hannerz take issue with what he calls the alarmist view of cultural homogenization? (List at least two of his counter-arguments). 1) Transnational influences need not be destructive to the culture, and may instead be beneficial. A culture would become impoverished without some degree of openness to outside influences 2) The alarmist view ignores the possibility that transnational and local cultures can co-exist and interact, to the benefit of both. 3) The alarmist view assumes that cultures at the periphery have remained pure/unchanged before the arrival of foreign cultures, when in fact almost all local cultures were already hybrid cultures before contact. 4) The evidence for alarmism is often only anecdotal and thus insufficient.
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5) We are not able to understand how the receivers of the ‘one-way’ cultural flow experience and perceive this cultural flow, and thus cannot make conclusions on its effects. 4. In his essay, Hannerz discusses two scenarios for the long-term effects of transnational cultural flows. What does he call these two scenarios? 1) Saturation (local culture will gradually assimilate imported culture until it becomes indistinguishable from it) 2) Maturation (imported cultural forms gradually evolve a local character) 5. Why does Appadurai mean by the term “disjuncture” in his essay, “Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy?” He refers to the fact that in the present day, global flows among each of the ‘scapes’ he mentions are unsynchronized and do not at occur the same rates or even in the same directions, leading to imbalance and disjointedness. 6. Why are terms like “imagination” and “imaginary worlds” so important in Appadurai’s analysis? ‘Imagination’ influences the self-understanding between social institutions and the people who participate in them. Hence it has become a critical component of global cultural processes, and can be used by individuals to negotiate and navigate globally defined fields of possibility.
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CA 94 Exam 2_Nigel - Name Nigel Chou CA 94 Introduction to...

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