Arthistory notes 1

Arthistory notes 1 - 11 Gothic 1140 1550 1250 Sculpture...

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Unformatted text preview: 11 Gothic 1140 1550 1250 Sculpture 1420 painting Characteristics of Gothic Art/Architicture Sprituality Verticality rise toward the heavens Light/Weightless airy, lots of windows Rationality mathematical ratios Untiy between architecture and sculpture Stained glass influenced illuminated manuscripts Gothic Niche embedded within architecture Protorenaissance in Italy, to 1400 Revival of Latin and Greek art/philosophy/culture Classical referring to, or characteristic of Greek and Roman antiquity: classical literature, classical languages e.g. revival of the classical style Classicizing conforming to ancient Greek and Roman models Classic highest quality, model, guide Return to landscape as a subject Artistic personality emerges genius vs. craftsperson H UMANISM reason, art, senses, naturalism, realism Nicola Pisano, Pulpit, Baptisery, Pisa 1259-60 Some reason why nude must have Christian narrative behind it e.g. Adam and eve Not a lot of sensual appeal Crowded ; not interested in naturalism Imitating roman sarcophagi Giovanni Pisano, pulpit, pisa cathedral 1302-10 More embodied (less flat) Interest in space A bit more naturalistic Claus Sluter, The Moses Well, Dijon, 1395-1406 Portal of the Chartreuse de Champmol, Dijon, 1385-93 Figures large, overpower architecture More embodied, more individualized Baptism of Christ, Florence, Italy (south) Andrea Pisano 1330-36 (north) Lorenzo Ghiberti 1401-2 More perspective, naturalistic, more embodied draperies have bodies under them Ghiberti The sacrifice of Issac 1401-2 Calm Violence Madonna Enthroned Cimabue 1280-90 Duccio 1308-11 Giotto 1310 solid, sculptural forms, 3D objects Gradual movement from light into dark Knees bodies under drapery Duccio Annunciation of the Virgin 1308-11 Christ entering Jerusalem Giotto, 1305-6 Arena Chapel, Padua, Duccio 1308-11 Giottos has better perspective Fresco pigment in wet plaster Tempera paint egg and pigment Giotto Mourning of Christ Arena Chapel There is a focal point Pietro Lorenzetti Birth of the Virgin, 1342 Triptych made wooden panels part of painting Familiar with Giotto - Common point: people facing back Ambrogio Lorenzetti Effects of Good government in the City Effects of Good government in the Country Meeting hall, Sienna, c. 1328 Country first landscape in antiquity Lorenzetti died in plague 1348 Renaissance in the North (Mostly Belgium/Netherlands/France) 1400-1600 Also known as Late Gothic o Less interested in classical antiquity/humanism o Continuity with Medieval world view (vs. Italy which was a complete break) o International Style /Gothic as point of departure Gothic style with interest in realism Primarily Christian Counterpart of Early Renaissance in Italy Intense realism , extreme detail Portraits (especially of Donors)...
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Arthistory notes 1 - 11 Gothic 1140 1550 1250 Sculpture...

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