Art History Notes 2

Art History Notes 2 - France School of Fontainebleau...

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Unformatted text preview: France School of Fontainebleau Italian artists, most working in the mannerist style Primaticcio Stucco Figures 1541-45 Mannerist dynamic poses, elongated forms Cellini Salt Cellar of Francis I 1539 -43 Gold, ornamentation, gaudy El Greco Work looks very contemporary El Greco was an intensely religious artist View of Toledo 1610-14 Toledo was seat of Catholic reform Dramatic use of light Burial of count Orgaz 1586 Almost an installation Ambiguity, tension, elongated figures mannerist 1 Adoration of the Shepherds 1612-14 Light doesnt always make sense Dramatic lighting Netherlands divided into North / South (contemporary Belgium) Was seat of the reformation Saw religious art as idolatory no sculpture Religious commissions dried up, economy based on secular works: still-lifes, landscapes, genre scenes Grunewald German artist most famous at the time Sympathetic to Martin Luther but painted for the Church Isenheim Alterpeice 1510-15 2 Bottom piece slides open amputation Very expressionist Christ has green tint Disease Saint Anthonys Fire Drer Key leader of northern renaissance Fused northern realism and Italian art Interested in nature and the outside world Realism (like van eyck) In sympathy with Luther Scholar: believed that fine arts should be part of the liberal arts, adopted the ideal of the artist as a gentleman and humanist scholar Print-maker Spent time in italy, copied Mantegnas work Hare, 1502 3 4 horsemen of the Apocalypse 1498 Because people thought 2 nd coming of Christ would be in 1500 Woodcut print Adam and Eve 1504 Christianized Shows the fusion of Northern European and Italian traditions Proportions based on vitruviuss theories 4 Self-portrait 1500 Frontal pose reserved for divine figures Almost in likeness of Jesus Takes his religiousity and intellectualism very seriously Four Apostles 1523-26 Durers artistic testament At bottom warning not to mistake human error for Gods will Altdorter Battle of Issus 1529 landscape First pure landscape painter Birds eye view Man is dwarfed by nature ( e.g. sky in picture) Depiction of Alexanders victory against Dairus but armour, tents are contemporary Hans Holbein Erasmus of Rotterdam 1523 Erasmus was a Roman catholic but criticized the Catholic Church Translated Latin and Greek N.T. 5 Triangular composition, calm and serene, classical pillar at back and pose reminiscent of high renaissance Henry VIII 1540 frontal pose captures supreme self- confidence Peter Aertsen Meat Stall 1551 in Antwerp Inverted perspective Window prodigal son, flight into Egypt religious Sign of sale Bruegel Many scenes populated with peasants, really interested in peasants, sometimes dressed as peasant and went among them No religious overtones whatever 6 The return of the hunters 1565...
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Art History Notes 2 - France School of Fontainebleau...

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