ArtHistory notes 3

ArtHistory notes 3 - Realism, Impressionism,...

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Unformatted text preview: Realism, Impressionism, Post-impressionism Naturalism, desire to depict things with truth and objectivity Empiricism Emphasis of daily life / interested in the moment Presented life as unembellished, un-idealized, and fleeting, bluntly depicted modern life, usually without emotion Rejection of conventional / academic subjects Political and social satire , class distinctions out of this arises the concept of the avant garde (Avant garde art is critical art) Effect of industrialization as subject (leisure activites of middle class, transformation of landscape, factories and railroads, Haussmannization of Paris) Photography introduced to France and England in 1839 freed from need to depict reality in a perfect way Focus on modernity , beauty is found in urban experience Mostly artists working / living in Paris Baudelaire Art says something simultaneously about the moment and the eternal Courbet Burial at Ornans 1850-51 Physicality of the labours Thick application of paint 1 Portrayed in a coarse, heavy form, without idealism or elegance Art of the people, not the academy Uses simple compositions found in popular art So matter- of-fact it is difficult to know what it is about Depicts the spontaneous moment The Stone Breakers 1849 Interest in the downtrodden neither historical nor allegorical, religious nor heroic depicts rural life in its harsh reality instead of traditionally pastoral or comic Millet The Sower 1850 Pictures dignified the peasant 2 Daumier Third Class Carriage 1863-65 Worked for a sot newspaper devoted to political satire Presents downtrodden peasants with dignity Depict uprooted poor who have come to paris in search of opportunity, only to become victims of modern urbaization 2 trajectories Style: toward flatness e.g. van gogh ; just pigment on canvas, doesnt have to represent anything but itself Content: political Flaneurs (social type) 1830s based on British aristocrat A man that was impeccably dressed, had perfect manners Well-informed, read newspapers everyday Inconspicuously walked the streets of Paris, observing the fleeting moments of modern life Translating what they see into art / writing Caillebotte The Place de la Concord 1875 Le pont de Leurope 1876 3 Manet Luncheon on the Grass 1863 Said that this painting inaugurates modernism Usually some mythological overtones, but this does not Statement about what art should be about the modern world Woman looking out at the viewer, very provocative Woman in picture was a well-known prostitute Looked unfinished, figures fail to interact convincingly, seemed to float in the background Failed to model or create convincing space (e.g. woman in back is too large), figures flat, 2 dimensional Content and style both modern Aligning himself with well-known artists e.g. Raimondi Olympia 1863 Very little modeling, 4...
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ArtHistory notes 3 - Realism, Impressionism,...

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