2300 book notes

Physiological needs food water enough pay to buy food

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Unformatted text preview: Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs o proposed hierarchy of needs: physiological, safety, belongingness, esteem, selfactualization o once a need is satisfied, it ceases to operate as a source of motivation o the lowest unmet need is the prime motivator of behavior and only one level of needs is motivational at a time o physiological needs - food, water ! enough pay to buy food and clothing o safety needs - security, stability, and a safe environment ! job security, medical benefits, safe working environment o belongingness - social interaction, friendship, affection, and love ! promoting good interpersonal relations and organizing social functions as company picnics and holiday parties o esteem needs - feel good about oneself and one's capabilities, respected by others • • • ! granting promotions and recognizing accomplishments o self-actualization needs - realize one's full potential as a human being ! giving people the opportunity to use their skills and abilities to the fullest extent possible Herzberg's Motivation-Hygiene Theory o two sets of need requirements: ! motivator - related to the nature of the work itself and how challenging it is • interesting work, autonomy, responsibility, being able to grow and develop on the job, and a sense of accomplishment ! hygiene needs - related to physical and psychological context in which the work is performed • pleasant and comfortable working conditions, pay, job security, good relationships with coworkers, and effective supervision • satisfying these needs does not however result in high levels of motivation or job satisfaction • for motivation and job satisfaction to be high, motivator needs must be met ! this theory fails to receive support ! his theory relates to intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation McClelland's Needs for Achievement, Affiliation, and Power o need for achievement - extent to which an individual has a strong desire to perform challenging tasks well and to meet personal standards for excellence o need for affiliation - extent to which a person is concerned with establishing and maintaining good interpersonal relations, being liked, and having the people around him or her to get along with each other o need for power - the extent to which an individual desires to control or influence others Other Needs: o take care of loved ones - work-life balance o see nature - this calms us down and lack of exposure can impair well-being and performance Equity Theory • Theory of motivation that concentrates on people's perceptions of the fairness of their work outcomes relative to, or in proportion to, their work inputs • comparing one's outcome-input ratio with another's outcome-input ratio that is similar • equity - when a person perceives his or her own outcome-input ratio to be equal to a referent's outcome-input ratio o if people want to increase their output, they have to increase their input • • • Inequity - lack of fairness, exists when a person's outcome-input ratio is not perceived to be equal to a referent's o underpayment inequity - when a person's own outcome-input ratio is perceived to be less than that of a rferent o overpayment inequity - when a person perceived that his or her own outcomeinput ratio is greater than that of a referent ways to restore equity - when people experience underpayment, they will cut their input or they will find another place that has higher output for the same input; when they experience overpayment, they will ch...
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This document was uploaded on 02/18/2014 for the course BCOR 2300 at Colorado.

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