Midterm Review

Midterm Review - Midterm Review Sunday 4:11 PM The Apology...

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Midterm Review Sunday, March 04, 2007 4:11 PM The Apology What was Socrates charged for? Corrupting the youth Not believing in the gods Was Socrates guilty of these charges? Corrupting the youth: Socrates would not be charged for questioning now or in Athenian society. The real issue was the vengeance being carried out by officials who felt threatened. Even if he is corrupting the youth, he is not doing it voluntarily. This could have been dealt with in private. .court is a place to punish, not teach. It is more likely a group be corrupted by a group than an individual. Meletus has shown an indifference to the group. Not caring leads to corruption, not caring to corruption. Unwillingly corrupting youth not against law. he wouldn’t intentionally harm ppl who live in a society with him. However, if it is a fact that he corrupts the young, then some of these young, whom he has corrupted in the past and are now grown up, should be complaining and want to punish him themselves. In defense of an argument that they are corrupt and do not know it, then their direct relatives who live with this corruption should want to punish him. However, he sees many of these people in the jury, and they are all there in his defense, as they know Meletus is lying. Not believing in the gods: Socrates asked the men if they have ever heard him say that he does not believe in the gods. Also, the reason Socrates started questioning people was because he was told to by the gods through the Oracle at Delphi. He points out he cant be atheistic and believe in false gods- that would be contradicting. He believes in divine things. This is a contradiction because just as there is nobody that believes in musical things but not music, there is nobody that believes in supernatural things, but not supernatural beings. Therefore, since they claim he teaches supernatural things, he most definitely must believe in supernatural beings. Since supernatural beings are gods, he most definitely believes in gods, and thus this charge is worthless. Jury: had been influenced and was biased What was Socrates' main concern for his fellow Athenians? Socrates' primary concern in life was arete 'excellence', not in the Sophistic sense of practical efficiency in public life, but as moral excellence of soul, that is, virtue. Socrates in fact seems to have been the first philosopher to see the soul as the moral essence of the individual, improved by virtue and ruined by its opposite, rather than as a morally neutral life principle, which was the earlier view of the soul. Socrates'
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concern for morality involved not only the private sphere of a man's life, but also the public, as illustrated by his two involvements in politics. (Wanted Athenians to care about their souls. Wanted to understand what virtue is. It’s the function of our soul) think about goodness not material goods Meno How does Plato's recollection theory work? Plato's theory which postulates that
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Midterm Review - Midterm Review Sunday 4:11 PM The Apology...

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