ch 1 outline - Chapter 1 Outline The Science of Psychology...

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Chapter 1 Outline The Science of Psychology Samantha Wendling I. What is Psychology A. Psychology 1. The scientific study of behavior and mental processes B. Psychologists explain how we 1. Perceive 2. Learn 3. Remember 4. Solve problems 5. Communicate 6. Feel 7. Relate to others C. Try and understand 1. Nature of intelligence 2. Motivation 3. Personality 4. Mental/ emotional disturbances 5. Personal/ Social problems 6. Psychotherapy II. Fields of Psychology A. American Psychologist Association 1. 53 divisions a) explain research on subdivision of fields of psychology B. Developmental Psychology 1. study of human and physical growth from prenatal through childhood, adolescence and adult age C. Child Psychologist study 1. born w/ personalities? 2. how one become attached to parents 3. learn language and morals 4. study play relating to other kids 5. boy/ girl differ in behavior 6. friendships D. Adolescent psychologists (adult years) 1. puberty 2. changes with parents and peers E. Life-Span psychologists (adult years) 1. adjust to partnerships and parenting 2. middle ages 3. retirements 4. prospect of death F. Psychological Psychology (brain) 1. investigate biological basis of a) human behavior b) thoughts c) emotions
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2. Study effects of substances a) natural messengers (1) antidepressants b) synthetic chemical messengers (social drugs) (1) alcohol (2) marijuana (3) cocaine 3. behavioral geneticists study a) learning b) memory c) sensation d) perception e) cognition f) motivation g) emotion G. Personality Psychology (Freud) 1. differences in traits a) anxiety b) sociability c) self-esteem d) need for achievement 2. differences between a) men/ women b) racial/ culture groups c) why diff. Cultures = diff personality types H. Clinical and counseling psychology 1. ½ psychologists 2. clinical a) diagnosis cause and treatment 3. counseling a) normal problems of adjustment 4. divide time a) research b) treating people c) effectiveness of therapy I. Social Psychology 1. study a) peer influence b) first impression c) interpersonal attraction d) how attitudes are formed and changed e) conformity and obedience to authority f) behave diff in groups or alone 2. most researchers and theorists 3. support groups a) substance abusers c. compulsive gamblers b) cancer patients d. other ppl in crisis
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J. Industrial and Organization Psychology 1. selecting/ training people 2. improving businesses 3. technology on workers K. New Specialists 1. Rehab psychology a) Study on people with disabilities b) Forensic psychology
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Dr.leuk during the Fall '08 term at Millersville.

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ch 1 outline - Chapter 1 Outline The Science of Psychology...

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