RTF 305 - The History of Cinema 1896-1989 Lumiere...

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The History of Cinema 1896-1989 Lumiere Brothers-first public exhibition in 1896 Paris, France Motion Pictures= Photography, Fast Camera, Flexible Medium, Projection 1889-Filmstrips developed by Kodak, so motion pictures became possible Kinetoscope- personal film viewer for one person Early films were short “actualities”, documentary and narrative Thomas Edison patented many film technologies at his own film studio Primitive editing-joing film strips together with various shots Three popular genres in 1896-1910: science fiction, travelogues, exotic dancing Film industry shifts to Hollywood in late 1910’s, which allowed for more freedom This move centralized production and studios, where they made feature-length films Star System- actors worked for certain studios and movies promoted certain actors Visual Narration- rely more on camera movements by use of techniques like the close up Population shifts back to urban centers, so big movie theathers were built in these ciites Paramount, MGM, Warner Brothers were major studios and had an oligopoly Slapstick comedy and serials were popular genres International/Counterculture Russian Montage- to inspire revolution German Expressionism- expressed anxiety and anger after WWII Dada/Surrealism- art films against traditional cultural norms Show Hollywood new ways and techniques for film-making 1929-synchronous sound appears in movies Academy Awards appear to award excellent achievement Production Code- regulation on sex and profanity Stock Market Crash-bankrupted many smaller companies and left 8 major studios Led to the major studios having vertical integration in the business- control from production to distribution, control every aspect of the business WWII and Film Film industry supports war effort, make newsreels to promote war bonds European industry collapses due to Nazis, so many European artists came to America German film industry subverted to propaganda to support Nazi party Many films lost and damaged during this time period due to war Post-War Cinema Shift to movie theaters in the suburbs Rise of the drive-in movie theater Television emerges as a viable competitor to the film industry New exhibition practices to compete like widescreen, color, and special effects International Film Bonanza! Italian Neo-Realism, Japanese Cinema, Polish/Czech Cinema, French New Wave Post-War Counterculture Film Noir and paranoia- a darker style that reflects a fear during the cold war Science fiction and “B” films Return of the Avant Garde- not necessarily narrative but just pictures Decline of the Studios in the 1960s Television audiences are gaining and less people are watching movies
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Rise of Independent filmmakers mean less reliance on major studios End of production code which restrict content Blaxploitation-rise of film industry about black Americans Post-Colonial Cinema End of European Colonialism Rise of Bollywood in India African, Middle Eastern Cinema Rise of Blockbusters in America Such movies like Jaws, Star Wars, Grease, meaning fewer films, bigger budgets, rise of
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RTF 305 - The History of Cinema 1896-1989 Lumiere...

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