G age adjusted group specific rates eg gender

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Unformatted text preview: or breast cancer – HIV tests – Newborn screening • Sensitivity vs. specificity • False positives vs. false negatives Rates • Relate the raw numbers to size of population – Birth rates – Mortality rates • Crude rates • Adjusted rates – E.g., age adjusted • Group specific rates – E.g., gender specific Other Calculated Statistics • Life expectancy • Years of potential life lost (YPLL) Risk Assessment and Risk Perception • For well- known risks, can be calculated from historical data • For poorly understood risks, must make many assumptions • Risk perception involves psychological factors Cost- Benefit Analysis • Costs are easier to calculate than benefits • What monetary value can we put on a life saved? • Often controversial • Cost- effectiveness analysis Discussion Question 1 • Why...
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