Stress increases risk of heart disease common cold

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Unformatted text preview: healthy behavior Access to medical care Psychological Factors • Stress – Mortality is increased after death of a spouse, loss of a job, divorce, etc. – Stress increases risk of heart disease, common cold – Daily hassles • Social support – Alameda study – Social support can buffer stress Psychological Models of Health Behavior: Health Belief • I am vulnerable to the threat • The threat is serious • By taking action I can protect myself Psychological Models of Health Behavior: Self- efficacy • Self- efficacy is increased by previous successful performance • Self- efficacy is increased by seeing others successfully perform, especially if model is a peer Ecological Model of Health Behavior Intrapersonal level (psychology) Interpersonal level – family, friends, cowo...
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