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04-11 Lecture Slides (Final)

04-11 Lecture Slides (Final) - Lecture 20 Language...

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4/10/13 1 Lecture’20:’ Language’3’(Sentence’ Comprehension’&’the’Language- Thought’relationship)’ PSYC’2145’ Introductory’Cognitive’Psychology’ April’11,’2013’ Announcements n 11 th ’ZAPS’assignment:’ Wason’Selection’Task ,’due’04/17’(W),’ 8:00’p.m.’ n Check’your’Unit’3’grades’on’D2L’and’notify’your’TA’if’you’ see’any’issues’by’the’end’of’tomorrow’(Friday,’04/12)’ n 4 th mid-term exam ,’scheduled’for’ next’Tuesday’(04/16)’ ¨ The’study’guide’available’on’D2L’ ¨ The’compiled’quiz’questions’made’available’after’today±s’class’ ¨ Don±t’forget’to’bring’pencils’&’erasers’to’the’exam n Plan’for’the’next’lectures’(04/18’&’04/23)’ ¨ Topic:’Problem’solving’ ¨ Assigned’readings:’ Reisberg’textbook,’Chapter’12’ Hemispheric’Di²erences’in’Language (covered on 04/09) n The’ left ’hemisphere’is’ dominant ’for’language’ processing’ ¨ Phonology’(speech’sounds)’ ¨ Syntax’(grammar’and’ sentence’structure)’ ¨ Semantics’(meaning)’ n Crucial’for’ literal’processing ’ n The’ right ’hemisphere’also’ plays’a’role’in’some’aspects’ of’language’processing’ ¨ The’analysis’of’ prosody ’(=’ intonation’patterns)’ n Rising’or’falling’pitch’ n Emotional’tones ’ ¨ Non-literal’aspects’of’ language’ n Metaphors’ n Jokes’
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4/10/13 2 The’Neural’Basis’of’Language (covered on 04/09) n Wernicke±s’aphasia’ ¨ Fluent’but’nonsensical’speech’ ¨ Have’severe’comprehension’ problems’and’often’fail’to’ understand’what’is’being’asked’ n Broca±s’aphasia’ ¨ Slow,’e²ortful’speech,’often’ lacking’function’words’and’ grammatical’endings’ ¨ Generally’understand’what’is’ being’asked’but’fail’to’properly’ put’together’a’sentence’ Important’for’ production’’ and’syntactic’ processing Important’for’ comprehension’ and’semantic’ processing Factors’That’Make’Speech’Perception’Challenging’ (covered on 04/09) (1)’Spoken’at’a’natural’speed,’speech’is’continuous’ ¨ No’clear’word’boundaries’ (2)’The’same’phoneme’can’have’di²erent’acoustic’properties’ ¨ p ot’vs.’to p’ (3)’Di²erent’phonemes’can’sound’quite’similar’ ¨ wri t er’vs.’ri d er’ (4)’There’is’large’variability’in’pronunciation’ ¨ Male’vs.’female’ ¨ Di²erent’accents’ Mechanisms’That’Facilitate’Speech’Perception’ (covered on 04/09) (1)’Support’from’context/knowledge’(=’top-down’influence)’ ¨ Example:’Phoneme’restoration’e²ect’ (2)’ Coarticulation’ ¨ A’particular’phoneme’contains’information’about’the’ surrounding’phonemes’ (3)’ Categorical’perception’ (see the textbook pp. 331-334)
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