04-11 Lecture Slides (Final)

04-11 Lecture Slides(Final)

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: activated automatically (2) Contextual information determines which meaning is correct (within ~750 ms) *2 6 4/10/13 Some Caveats n༆  The availability of multiple meanings (Stage 1) may be influenced by: ¨༊  the strengths of the contextual bias ¨༊  the relative frequencies of the candidate meanings n༆  n༆  Bat: “baseball bat” and “flying creature” (equally frequent) Boxer: “person” (very frequent) and “dog” (very infrequent) The Relationship Between Language and Thought n༆  n༆  Can a person’s language influence or even determine how the person thinks? Fictional language “Newspeak” in George Orwell’s (1949) novel Nineteen Eighty- Four ¨༊  Lacks certain words, meanings, and grammatical structures ¨༊  Designed to make certain types of thinking (e.g., political freedom, rebellion) impossible and reinforce the totalitarian regime of the party n༆  n༆  If something can’t be said, it can’t be thought (= language determines thought) Represents the strong form of the Sapir- Whorf hypothesis (especially, linguistic determinism) The Sapir- Whorf Hypothesis n༆  n༆  Proposed in the 1950s by a linguist, Edward Sapir, and an amateur language enthusiast, Benjamin Lee Whorf Main idea: ¨༊  The language we speak shapes the way we think, remember things, and perceive the world ¨༊  Two related ideas behind this Sapir- Whorf hypothesis n༆  n༆  Linguistic determinism Linguistic relativity 7 4/10/13 Linguistic Determinism and Linguistic Relativity n༆  Linguistic determinism ¨༊  The form and characteristics of our language determine or influence the way in which we think, remember, and perceive n༆  “determine” (a strong form); “influence” (a weaker form) ¨༊  The emphasis here is on within- language effects n༆  Linguistic relativit...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 02/18/2014 for the course PSYC 2145 taught by Professor Cheriking during the Spring '07 term at Colorado.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online