04-11 Lecture Slides (Final)

Female dierent accents mechanisms that facilitate

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Unformatted text preview:   ¨༊  Slow, effortful speech, often lacking function words and grammatical endings Generally understand what is being asked but fail to properly put together a sentence Factors That Make Speech Perception Challenging (covered on 04/09) (1) Spoken at a natural speed, speech is continuous ¨༊  No clear word boundaries (2) The same phoneme can have different acoustic properties ¨༊  pot vs. top (3) Different phonemes can sound quite similar ¨༊  writer vs. rider (4) There is large variability in pronunciation ¨༊  Male vs. female ¨༊  Different accents Mechanisms That Facilitate Speech Perception (covered on 04/09) (1) Support from context/knowledge (= top- down influence) ¨༊  Example: Phoneme restoration effect (2) Coarticulation ¨༊  A particular phoneme contains information about the surrounding phonemes (3) Categorical perception (see the textbook pp. 331- 334) ¨༊  We do not perceive slight differences in phonemes; this insensitivity enables quick and efficient classification of speech sounds (4) Support from visual input ¨༊  Example: McGurk effect 2 4/10/13 Main Points of Today’s Lecture n༆  n༆  Ambiguity resolution is an important component of language comprehension that occurs at different levels Classic research suggests that lexical ambiguity resolution takes place in two stages ¨༊  Stage 1: Activating all the meanings of an ambiguous word ¨༊  Stage 2: Use context to select the appropriate meaning n༆  The Sapir- Whorf hypothesis concerns the relationship between language and thought n༆  Little evidence exists for lingu...
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2014 for the course PSYC 2145 taught by Professor Cheriking during the Spring '07 term at Colorado.

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