04-09 Lecture Slides (Final)

04-09 Lecture Slides (Final) - Lecture 19 Language 2(Neural...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Lecture’19:’ Language’2’(Neural’Basis’of’ Language;’Speech’ Perception)’ PSYC’2145’ Introductory’Cognitive’Psychology’ April’9,’2013’ Announcements’ n 10 th ’ZAPS’assignment:’ MISSIONARIES’&’CANNIBALS ,’due’ TOMORROW,’8:00’p.m.’ n 04/04,’09,’&’11’lectures’on’language’ ¨ Assigned’reading:’ Reisberg’textbook,’Chapter’9 n 4th’mid-term’exam,’scheduled’for’ next’Tuesday’(04/16)’ ¨ The’study’guide’is’now’available’on’D2L’ ¨ Additional’office’hours’added’for’the’exam n When’you’email’me,’indicate’your’section’&’ID’#’ Key’Features’of’Human’Spoken’Language’ (covered on 04/04) n Hierarchical’structure’ n Arbitrariness’ ¨ No’inherent’connection’ between’a’unit’in’language’ and’the’concept’it’denotes’ n Productivity’(or’ generativity)’ ¨ Possible’to’create’an’in±nite’ number’of’sentences’using’a’ ±nite’number’of’words’and’ grammatical’rules’ n Displacement’ ¨ Possible’to’refer’to’things’ remote’in’time’and’space’
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
2 Biological’Predisposition’for’Language’ (covered on 04/04) n Humans’are’biologically’or’genetically’predisposed’for’ acquiring’language’ n Evidence’ (1)’Selective’sparing’or’impairment’of’language’due’to’biological’ or’genetic’factors’ n SpeciFc’language’impairments’(SLI)’vs.’Williams’syndrome’ (2)’Creation’of’systematic’language’by’children’ n Transformation’of’pidgin’to’creole’by’children’without’any’ exposure’to’fully’developed’language’ (3)’Existence’of’the’“critical’period”’for’language’ n 1 st ’language:’“attic”’children,’“wolf”’children’ n 2 nd ’language:’the’difficulty’of’acquiring’L2’as’adults’ The’Difficulty’of’Acquiring’L2 (covered on 04/04) n The’age’of’arrival’is’an’ important’factor’ ¨ The’earlier’the’exposure,’the’ better’ n The’critical’period’e±ect’on’L2’ learning’seems’to’apply’to’only’ certain’aspects’of’language’ ¨ Syntax ’(grammar)’ ¨ Phonology ’(pronunciation)’ A clear negative relationship No relationship Johnson & Newport’s (1989) study on L2 syntax QualiFcations’about’the’Critical’Period n It’has’a’relatively’ wide’time’ “window”’ ¨ Gradual ,’rather’than’sudden,’ decline ’in’mastery’levels’ n There’are’considerable’ individual’di±erences’ ¨ Some’people’demonstrate’ near-native’attainment’after’ puberty’ ¨ Some’factors’beneFt’late’L2’ acquisition’(at’least’ pronunciation)’ n Musical’ability’( Slevc’&’ Miyake,’2006)’ A clear negative relationship No relationship Johnson & Newport’s (1989) study on L2 syntax
Background image of page 2
3 Main’Points’of’Today±s’Lecture n
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 9

04-09 Lecture Slides (Final) - Lecture 19 Language 2(Neural...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online