04-09 Lecture Slides (Final)

Williams syndrome 2 creation of systematic language

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: to things remote in time and space 1 Biological Predisposition for Language (covered on 04/04) n༆  n༆  Humans are biologically or genetically predisposed for acquiring language Evidence (1) Selective sparing or impairment of language due to biological or genetic factors n༆  Specific language impairments (SLI) vs. Williams syndrome (2) Creation of systematic language by children n༆  Transformation of pidgin to creole by children without any exposure to fully developed language (3) Existence of the “critical period” for language n༆  1st language: “attic” children, “wolf” children n༆  2nd language: the difficulty of acquiring L2 as adults The Difficulty of Acquiring L2 (covered on 04/04) n༆  The age of arrival is an important factor ¨༊  n༆  The earlier the exposure, the better The critical period effect on L2 learning seems to apply to only certain aspects of language ¨༊  ¨༊  A clear negative relationship Syntax (grammar) Phonology (pronunciation) No relationship Johnson & Newport’s (1989) study on L2 syntax Qualifications about the Critical Period n༆  It has a relatively wide time “window” ¨༊  n༆  Gradual, rather...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online