04-23 Lecture Slides (Final)

3 42313 incubation and mental set n the incubation

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Unformatted text preview: appropriate Mental Set and Functional Fixedness Obtain an exact amount of water, using three differentsized jars A, B, and C A: 18 B: 43 Obtain an exact amount of water, using three differentsized jars A, B, and C C: 10 A: 20 B: 59 Desired amount: 5 Desired amount: 31 Answer: B - A - 2C C: 4 Answer: B - A - 2C (1) Inappropriate Mental Set and Functional Fixedness Obtain an exact amount of water, using three differentsized jars A, B, and C A: 18 B: 48 C: 4 Desired amount: 22 People fail to see this solution because they are “stuck” with a particular “mind set” Answer: B - A - 2C Answer: A + C (1) Inappropriate Mental Set and Functional Fixedness n༆  Functional fixedness ¨༊  Difficulty in seeing alternate uses for common objects ¨༊  Example: ¨༊  Famous example: n༆  The “two strings” problem n༆  n༆  Another form of rigid thinking Shoehorn as a spoon? 3 4/23/13 Incubation and Mental Set n༆  The incubation effect ¨༊  The benefit of setting a problem aside for a while n༆  n༆  “Sleep on it” How can this effect be explained? ¨༊  Does it have anything to do with mental set? ¨༊  Evidence: n༆  n༆  The answer: YES! Silveira’s (1971) study on the “cheap necklace” problem Silveira’s...
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2014 for the course PSYC 2145 taught by Professor Cheriking during the Spring '07 term at Colorado.

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